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Heart Diseases – Types, Causes, Symptoms, Precautions, and Remedies

Heart Disease is a blanket term which refers to any heart-related disorder. Broadly, the medical community segments the heart diseases as cardiovascular diseases and Other Heart Conditions. Cardiovascular diseases include conditions where the blood vessels leading to heart are blocked or narrowed, disrupting necessary blood flow and causing heart attacks, strokes and chest pains. Other heart conditions deal with issues and situations specific to the heart itself. It includes deformities from birth, complications with valves, irregularities of heartbeat rhythm, and heart muscle problems.

Heart Diseases:

Types, Causes, Symptoms, Precautions, and Remedies

Listed below are specific types of heart diseases and information regarding the particular causes, the symptoms and precautionary measures to prevent them and the corrective remedies in practice.

Coronary Artery Disease:

CAD is one of the most common heart diseases which involve coronary arteries – vessels that supply blood supplying necessary oxygen to the heart. This disease occurs when coronary arteries have a build-up of plaque (a sticky deposit) on its walls. Eventually, this plaque accumulates in large amounts disrupting the flow of the oxygen-rich blood to the heart. It ultimately leads to a heart attack, stroke and even heart failure.

Common Causes:

  • Family history
  • High blood pressure
  • High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL)
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes

Common Symptoms:

  • Chest Pain and Discomfort – also called Angina, this pain travels through the arms, neck or back and spreads
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Nausea.
  • Sweating.
  • Fatigue and Exhaustion.


The important part is to stop the plaque from accumulating. It is recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle comprising of daily exercises and following a nutritious diet. It is also important to quit smoking and keep diabetes and high blood pressure in check.


Sometimes a significant shift to a healthy lifestyle can be useful, but severe conditions might require surgeries and treatments.  Always contact a cardiologist in case of persisting pain in the chest region.


Simply put, this disease means an irregular heartbeat. Usually, the electrical impulses coordinate the heart beats, and this ensures a steady rhythm. However, when they fail to function, it leads to an irregularity causing the heart to beat erratically or in an entirely untethered manner. Mild heartbeat irregularities are common, but this can become fatal if it happens consistently or it changes frequently.

Common Causes:

  • Congenital (By Birth) heart defects
  • Drug Abuse
  • The wrong balance of sodium or potassium (electrolytes) in your system
  • Pre-existing Heart Diseases

Common Symptoms

  • Palpitations or what is generally called fluttering of the heart
  • Dizziness – a light-headed feeling
  • Feeling out of breath too soon – breathlessness
  • Extreme fatigue and weakness
  • Discomfort in Chest


The obvious precautions are quitting smoking, alcohol, and drugs. It is advised to keep away from intensive activities that can cause strain and pressure on the heartbeat.


Remedies can range from a simple lifestyle change to medication and in extreme cases, surgeries. Use of pacemaker – a device which uses external electrical impulses to keep a steady heartbeat, is also quite commonly used.

Congenital Heart Disease:

Sometimes, a person is born with specific defects in the heart. These defects can range from harmless to life-threatening. Some are detected immediately after birth while others not even identified until adulthood. Some of these congenital deformities include a hole between heart chambers, a partial blockage in the arteries and some other heart defects.

Common Symptoms:

  • Gets easily exhausted with limited activity
  • Frequent shortness of breath
  • Cannot perform intensive activities


In these kinds of cases, a person should strictly stay away from alcohol consumption and substance abuse. He must make sure that he maintains a healthy, nutritious lifestyle without exerting too much. It is suggested that he stay away from intensive and high adrenaline activities.


Since there is no way to prevent the congenital heart deformities, it becomes even more vital to explore the remedies. Usually, these defects can be corrected via surgery early or also at regular intervals to ensure that they do not result in life-threatening situations. It is essential to have regular meetings with your doctor and monitor yourself for any odd signs.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

This disease is related to the heart muscles. It results because of lack of oxygen which can accuse the heart chambers to be dilated and not pump the blood adequately clogging the flow leading to the formation of clots.

Common Causes

  • History in Family – Inherited
  • Thyroid
  • Diabetes
  • Drugs and Alcohol
  • Pre-existing heart diseases

Common Symptoms

  • Swelling on legs, feet, and ankles
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Fatigue and exhaustion
  • Dizziness with fainting


It is recommended to have a positive, healthy and nutritional lifestyle along with limited exercise like aerobics.


The primary task here is to stop the heart chambers from enlarging, and most of the treatments are focused on that. Mild therapies, medications, and surgeries are suggested depending on the individual basis.


These are the four most common types of heart diseases. It is generally advised to have a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoidance of smoking and alcohol to take better care of your health and prevent heart diseases. Always remember to contact a specialist in case of any worrisome traits and pains.

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