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Measles- Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Measles is a virus infection which is caused due to the rubeola virus. Measles will have very bad effects if it enters into a person who has never been exposed to it. To prevent measles, people get vaccinated in their childhood. Measles symptoms don't appear until 2 weeks after exposure.

There are around 5000 cases of measles every year. Scars caused by infectious diseases do not always go away. Just like Measles leaves behind scars throughout the body. These scars look very ugly. To remove these scars, you can consult a cosmetologist near you. Sometimes these scars can be removed by ointments or taking pills. In today's’ century everything has come up online, so ask a dermatologist online how to fade the measles scars or marks. 

Measles is very infectious and it is caused by the rubeola virus. This disease is endemic, which means that it has been present in a community for a long time, and now many people developed resistance against it.

Methods of prevention of measles:

  • Across the whole world, vaccines are being used to prevent measles. The World Health Organization (WHO) has calculated that there are around 2.6 million deaths due to measles, mainly due because they did not get themselves vaccinated. 
  • After a few days of taking medicines and vaccination, rashes which were caused due to measles start to gradually decrease. It first fades from the face and gradually from thighs and feet. Generally, measles occurs once in a lifetime to an individual. This simply means that a person gains immunity after once they have been diseased by measles, for the rest of their life. There are very few chances of measles to occur for the second time to a person. 

Some of the common symptoms of measles:

The symptoms of measles usually start developing after 10-14 days after the body has been exposed to the virus. Measles typically starts with a mild to moderate fever, even with a persistent coughing, inflamed eyes, runny nose, and sore throat. 
Symptoms of measles include:

1. Runny nose
2. Sore throat
3. Fever
4. Dry cough
5. Eyes inflamed like conjunctivitis
6. Acute illness 
7. Spots and bumps from red appearance. At first, there are breakouts in the face.
8. Within a few days, the rash spreads down the hand then thighs, lower legs and, feet. Simultaneously the fever rises with time as 104 to 105.8 F. 
9. Watery eyes
10. Sneezing 

Infection and incubation of measles:

  • The Infection occurs for two to three weeks. 
  • After around 10-12 days since you have been infected, the measles virus gets incubated. There will be no signs or symptoms the first time of measles.  
  • A person who has been suffering from measles can spread the virus to another person. This starts from the 4th day before which the rash starts appearing and can continue for about eight days, and when the rashes have been present for 4 days, it ends.

Complications caused due to measles are very common. For people having weak immunity, it can be very serious, such as those with:

1. AIDS
2. Leukemia
3. HIV
4. Adults over the age of 20.
5. Very young children.
Normally, older people have way more complications than healthy children (over the age of 5 years).

The complications can include:

1. Eye infection
2. Diarrhea
3. Vomiting
4. Laryngitis and bronchitis
5. Difficulty in breathing.

Causes of measles:

Measles is caused due to infection caused by the rubeola virus. The virus starts living in the throat, or mucus of the nose of an infected child or an adult.

Measles is very contagious in the beginning, i.e., for about 4 days before the rashes start appearing, and it still contagious for about 4 to 5 days after the symptoms have gone.

Infection caused due to measles spreads through:

1. Being close to infected people when they cough or sneeze
2. Any physical contact with an infected person
3. Touching a surface which has infected droplets of mucus 

Treatment for measles includes the following: 

For measles, there does not exist in any specific way in which it can be treated. It is advised to take rest and drink a lot of water to avoid dehydration. The below-listed measures may be of some help:

1. People should definitely not smoke near the person who is infected.
2. If there is some crustiness around the eyes of the infected person, then you should try to gently clean it with a warm, damp cloth.
3. In such cases, fever might lead to dehydration, so it is highly advisable for the infected person to drink plenty of fluids.

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